An Eastern European country bordered by Latvia, Poland, the Ukraine, Russia and Lithuania, Belarus (officially the Republic of Belarus) declared its sovereignty in 1990 when the former Soviet Union dissolved and Germany became unified. Belarus ranks last among European countries on the Democracy Index rating because of president Alexander Lukasheno's authoritarian style of leadership. Labeled as "repressed" and "not free" by the Index of Economic Freedom and Freedom House, Belarus is frequently called "The Last Dictatorship in Europe".
Interesting Facts about Belarus
• Russian and Belarussian are its two official languages. Belarus also has a small minority of Polish speaker. • The majority of Belarussians follow the Eastern Orthodox Christianity religion, with about 20 percent of the population adhering to the Roman Catholic faith.Catholic and Orthodox versions of Easter and Christmas are both considered national holidays. • The capital of Belarus is Minsk (pop. nearly two million) and is governed by an executive committee allowed to engage in self-ruling policies. • Although President Lukashenko was elected to his position in 1994, the U.S. refuses to recognize election results due to evidence that Lukashenko's engaged in fraudulent voting activities. • Belarus economy is referred to by the international community as "state-run" or "Soviet-style" in nature. Over hald of Belarusians work at state-controlled businesses. • The Belarusian ruble is the country's currency (similar to the Russian ruble).
Legal System in Belarus
Legal traditions in Belarus were established with creation of the Statutes of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in 1588 and remained unchanged until a Russian Tsar effected changes almost 250 years later. Currently, the court system is based on specialization and territorial principles and includes a Supreme Court, the Constitutional Court and economic courts for protecting the rights of individuals and corporations,
Lawyers in Belarus provide legal assistance to organizations and citizens involved in all kinds of litigation. Obtaining employment as a qualified lawyer in Belarus requires a higher education degree, a license and membership in the Bar Association.
The primary law enforcement entity s the State's Prosecutor Office, which executes control of conformity and legality to the law regarding all judicial decisions involving criminal, tax and civil cases.
Study Law in Belarus
Legal Education in Belarus
Although the international community regularly admonishes the Belarus government for violating human and voting rights, this Eastern European country remains a popular destination for students seeking to enrol in legal education programs, primarily because it is basically free to Belarussians and foreign citizens. However, registration, lab and book fees may apply in place of tuition, depending on the policies of public schools.
Fifty-one universities, colleges and vocational schools offer a variety of programs taught mostly in two languages--Russian and Belarusion. Law students can earn a "Bakalavr" (Bachelor), a "Magistr/Specialist Diploma" (Master) or a "Doktorantura" degree at a state or public-run higher education institution.
Legal degrees earned in Belarus are recognized in Europe, Asia, Africa and the U.S. Most courses have been accredited by the European Council and UNESCO.
Employment Opportunities for Lawyers in Belarus
Unemployment rates as reported by the Belarusian government consistently remain below the four percent mark but international labour committees suggest this low rate is due to people avoiding the mandatory registration process required of unemployed people because the do not want to participate in the mandatory public works program. In 2012, the World Bank determined that Belarus' true unemployment rate is probably closer to eight percent than one percent.
Students wishing to work in Belarus as a lawyers are recommended to specialize in international business law, Eastern European legal systems or other specialized areas that involve government and administrative fields of law.